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ERIC Number: ED520382
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep-10
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Markets vs. Monopolies in Education: A Global Review of the Evidence. Policy Analysis. No. 620
Coulson, Andrew J.
Cato Institute
Would large-scale, free-market reforms improve educational outcomes for American children? That question cannot be answered by looking at domestic evidence alone. Though innumerable "school choice" programs have been implemented around the United States, none has created a truly free and competitive education marketplace. Existing programs are too small, too restriction laden, or both. To understand how genuine market forces affect school performance, everyone must cast a wider net, surveying education systems from all over the globe. This paper undertakes such a review, assessing the results of 25 years of international research comparing market and government provision of education, and explaining why these international experiences are relevant to the United States. In more than one hundred statistical comparisons covering eight different educational outcomes, the private sector outperforms the public sector in the overwhelming majority of cases. Moreover, that margin of superiority is greatest when the freest and most market-like private schools are compared to the least open and least competitive government systems (i.e., those resembling a typical U.S. public school system). Given the breadth, consistency, relevance, and decisiveness of this body of evidence, the implications for U.S. education policy are profound. Source Studies are appended. (Contains 3 tables, 2 figures and 16 notes.)
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cato Institute
Identifiers - Location: United States