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ERIC Number: ED520284
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May-31
Pages: 256
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-9361-3715-2
Hard-To-Teach Science Concepts: A Framework to Support Learners, Grades 3-5. Hard-to-Teach Science Concepts Series
Koba, Susan B.
National Science Teachers Association (NJ3)
Authors Susan Koba and Carol Mitchell introduce teachers of grades 3-5 to their conceptual framework for successful instruction of hard-to-teach science concepts. Their methodology comprises four steps: (1) engage students about their preconceptions and address their thinking; (2) target lessons to be learned; (3) determine appropriate strategies; and (4) use Standards-based teaching that builds on student understandings. The authors not only explain how to use their framework but also provide a variety of tools and examples of its application on four hard-to-teach foundational concepts: the flow of energy and matter in ecosystems, force and motion, matter and its transformation, and Earth's shape. Both preservice and inservice elementary school teachers will find this approach appealing, and the authors' engaging writing style and user-friendly tables help educators adapt the method with ease. A foreword by Linda Froschauer and an index are included. [This book was written with Carol T. Mitchell.]
National Science Teachers Association. 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000. Tel: 800-722-6782; Fax: 703-243-3924; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)