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ERIC Number: ED520038
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 199
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1242-7554-3
Impact of Undergraduates' Stereotypes of Scientists on Their Intentions to Pursue a Career in Science
Schneider, Jennifer
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, North Carolina State University
Women remain disproportionately underrepresented in certain science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) majors and occupations. Stereotypes of scientists may be contributing factors in this phenomenon. However, this relationship has not yet been empirically examined. This is partly because of the dearth of literature addressing the stereotypes of scientists and the absence of measures aimed at capturing more current concepts of science and scientists. This research investigates whether undergraduates' stereotypes of scientists predict their intentions to pursue a career in science. Further, the study examines whether or not STEM academic majors are likely to have intentions of pursuing a science career and whether or not this relationship varies by gender. A sample of 1639 undergraduates, from diverse universities and academic majors, took a ten-minute online survey assessing their stereotypes of science, academic major, and intention of pursuing a science career. Using hierarchical and multiple regression analyses, findings indicated students' agreement with scientists' Professional (e.g. whether scientists are perceived as technically competent and logical) and Interpersonal Competencies (e.g. whether scientists are perceived as cooperative and family oriented) positively predicted their science career intentions. The analysis did not indicate that these relationships vary significantly by gender. Further, a one-way ANOVA found undergraduates with STEM majors had significantly higher agreement with scientists' Interpersonal Competencies than non-STEM majors. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A