NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED519730
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 288
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1242-3099-3
ISSN: N/A
(In)Flexibility of Constituency in Japanese in Multi-Modal Categorial Grammar with Structured Phonology
Kubota, Yusuke
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University
This dissertation proposes a theory of categorial grammar called Multi-Modal Categorial Grammar with Structured Phonology. The central feature that distinguishes this theory from the majority of contemporary syntactic theories is that it decouples (without completely segregating) two aspects of syntax--hierarchical organization (reflecting semantic combinatorics) and surface morpho-syntactic realization--which are conflated in the single notion of phrase structure in theories of syntax that take this notion as a primitive. In Chapter 2, I review three phenomena in Japanese--nonconstituent coordination, nonconstituent clefting and four kinds of complementation constructions--that present serious empirical challenges to previous models of generative syntax, whether transformational or nontransformational, and argue that all existing analyses of these constructions in these theories are inadequate. The problems of these previous approaches all stem from the fact that the empirical phenomena considered here constitute cases that deviate from what one might call the 'canonical' mode of phrasal composition, implicitly built into the notion of phrase structure, wherein the surface syntactic constituency transparently reflects the semantically-oriented combinatoric structure. In theories that take the notion of phrase structure as a primitive, such deviations can only be accommodated by means of some kind of extensions to the basic phrase structural component. However, such extensions are often "ad hoc" and fail to capture the systematic patterns that the empirical phenomena in question exhibit, especially when they interact with one another and with other aspects of the grammar of the language. This motivates us to abandon the phrase structure-based perspective and instead adopt an architecture in which the combinatoric component and the surface morpho-syntactic component are separated, yet interact closely with one another. Chapter 3 presents the theory of Multi-Modal Categorial Grammar with Structured Phonology, a formal theory of syntax that embodies this architecture. The proposed theory emerges as a result of unifying and integrating two most notable features of categorial grammar as a linguistic theory, namely, flexibility of constituency and the separation of semantic combinatorics from surface morpho-syntax. The resulting theory resembles and borrows many ideas from related recent variants of categorial grammar, all of which attempt to achieve a similar synthesis in one way or another, but it achieves this goal in the conceptually simplest and technically most explicit way. Most importantly, recognizing an interface component between syntax and phonology called 'structured phonology' and working out its formal details precisely is the major contribution of the present work. Chapter 4 demonstrates that the present theory enables straightforward analyses of the phenomena from Chapter 2. Specifically, different degrees of flexibility in constituency and linear order found in different phenomena receive a natural account, with the component of structured phonology governing the properties of different modes of morpho-syntactic composition. Moreover, not only does the present approach account for the individual phenomena adequately, the analyses of these phenomena interact with one another (and with other aspects of Japanese syntax) to automatically make correct predictions. This result provides strong confirmation for the present approach. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A