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ERIC Number: ED519372
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun-8
Pages: 29
Abstractor: ERIC
Child Well-Being Index (CWI), 2010
Foundation for Child Development
Each year, the Foundation for Child Development and the Child and Youth Well-Being Index Project at Duke University issue a comprehensive measure of how children are faring in the United States. The Overall Composite Child Well-Being Index (CWI) is based on a composite of 28 "Key Indicators" of well-being that are grouped into seven "Quality-of-Life/Well-Being Domains". These domains are economic well-being, safe/risky behavior, social relationships, emotional/spiritual well-being, community engagement, educational attainment, and health. This year's overall CWI is an updated measure of trends over the 33-year period from 1975 to 2008, with projections for 2009. Each annual CWI report also includes a Special Focus Report on a particular topic of interest. This year's Special Focus report expands on research reported in its 2009 annual report, in which it projected the likely impacts of the 2008-2009 recession (hereafter termed the "Great Recession") on children's well-being into 2012. These projections are drawn from time series forecasting of data from the CWI databank and from an analysis of past recessions. The impact of recessions on children and youths is often overlooked in economic analyses despite children's vulnerability to economic hardship. The Great Recession has been particularly hard on children and youths, as state and local government budgets continue to be cut, resulting in significant reductions in educational, health, and other programs that support children and youths--particularly those at risk. Today children under 18 are the single largest group in America living in poverty. Research shows that children who slip into poverty, even for a short time, can suffer significant setbacks, even when their families regain their economic footing. These setbacks are particularly acute for children in their first 10 years of life. This research, along with findings from this year's CWI report, offer compelling evidence that policymakers should be investing "more" to provide support to the next generation of children, particularly during an economic downturn. Indeed, the impact of the current recession underscores the need to rethink current budgetary policies for children's programs so they are not subject to the chopping block whenever governments face budget shortfalls. Appendices include: (1) Methods of Construction and Indicator List for the CWI; (2) Sources of Data for the CWI; (3) Child and Youth Well-Being Index Values, 1975-2008, with Projections for 2009; (4) Long-Term Changes in the CWI; and (5) Methodology of the Projections and the Range of Potential Impacts of the Economic Downturn. (Contains 1 table, 15 figures and 13 footnotes.)
Foundation for Child Development. 295 Madison Avenue 40th Floor, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-867-5777; Fax: 212-867-5844; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Foundation for Child Development