NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED518953
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 19
Using Early Literacy Profiles of Hispanic English Language Learners to Predict Later Reading Achievement
Huang, Francis; Ford, Karen; Invernizzi, Marcia
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
Following a cohort of students from fall of kindergarten to spring of first grade, the authors investigated whether the general cluster profiles identified in Burrow et al.'s (2010) study remained consistent over time. If cluster profiles in the fall of kindergarten held, their goal was to investigate the differences between clusters in terms of their instructional reading levels at the end of the first grade. Because they could expect that the highest literacy cluster would remain significantly higher at the end of the first grade given that early literacy predicts achievement in succeeding grades (Juel, 1988), they investigated the performance of the other three lower performing groups. They had two research questions: (1) Would research-based cluster profile patterns remain consistent with the current dataset used (i.e., were the clusters generated similar in characteristics based on early literacy skills)?; and (2) If clusters profiles were consistent, how would the three lower ranked clusters perform based on their instructional reading levels at the end of first grade, while controlling for other student-level variables? Their findings support earlier research (Burrow et al., 2010) that demonstrated heterogeneity among Spanish-speaking English Language Learners (ELLs) in kindergarten. Further, they found that the same clusters that were identified in the Burrow et al. study remained consistent in their sample, even though they used data from another time period. When they examined reading level for the lower three clusters in their sample, they found that clusters 3 and 4, the two lowest clusters, were achieving at approximately the same level in reading at the end of first grade, while the mean reading level for cluster 2 was approximately 2/3 of a grade level higher. What distinguished cluster 2 from the other two clusters was higher performance on print-related tasks in fall of kindergarten. Although both cluster 2 and cluster 3 had average or above-average phonological awareness in fall of kindergarten, cluster 2 performed significantly better in alphabet knowledge and orthographic knowledge, the two domains made up of print-related skills (i.e., letter name and letter sound knowledge, spelling). This finding is consistent with previous research (Hammill, 2004; Scarborough, 1998) identifying written language skills as the most accurate predictors of later reading achievement, once children have begun formal literacy instruction. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)