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ERIC Number: ED518937
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 106
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1242-2036-9
Culturally Adapted Psychotherapy and the Legitimacy of Myth: A Multilevel Model, Direct Comparison Meta-Analysis
Benish, Steven G.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
Culturally adapted psychotherapy has potential to improve psychotherapy outcomes for ethnic and racial minorities and solve a decades-long conundrum that alteration of specific ingredients does not improve psychotherapy outcomes. Adaptation of the cultural explanation of illness, known as the anthropological Myth in universal healing practices (Frank & Frank, 1993), may meliorate outcomes for minority clients without violating the evidence of non-specificity in psychotherapy outcomes. Previous meta-analysts have found culturally adapted psychotherapy to be more effective than a set of heterogeneous controls (Griner & Smith, 2006), but relative efficacy versus non-adapted, bona fide psychotherapy controls is unknown. The present multilevel model, direct comparison meta-analysis of published and unpublished studies confirms that culturally adapted psychotherapy is more effective than non-adapted bona fide psychotherapy controls by d = 0.32 for primary measures of psychological functioning. The results also confirm the hypothesis that adaptation of illness Myth improves minorities' recovery, boosting psychotherapy outcomes by d = 0.21. Furthermore, myth adaptation is a solution to the long-standing conundrum of altering psychotherapy ingredients to improve outcomes without violating the substantial evidence of non-specificity within the contextual model of psychotherapy. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A