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ERIC Number: ED518758
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 61
Abstractor: As Provided
Scaffolded Instruction: Exploring Multidimensional Scaffolded Teacher Talk in an Adult ESL Classroom
Kim, Namsook
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, Mar 24-28, 2008)
The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of effective teacher-student verbal interaction during the instructional time with the emphasis on teacher's talk, and its role on linguistically and culturally diverse adult English language learners' (ELL) learning English as a second language. A group of advanced-level English as a Second Language (ESL) students and their teacher were studied in terms of their classroom interaction. The student cohort included 16 adult ESL students who were enrolled in an advanced-level grammar and writing class, part of an intensive program of English for Academic Purposes (EAP). Data from multiple sources--class observations, teacher and student interviews, and documents--were constantly compared, and developmentally and spirally analyzed. Results show multidimensional aspects of "scaffolded teacher talk" (STT): Comfortable Talk, Dialogic Talk, Mediated Talk, and Purposeful Talk. Results also indicate supportive evidence of scaffolding roles of STT on varied aspects of English language learning: grammar and writing productions, classroom participation processes, and relationship building. Educators need to improve understanding of language and language learning that language is a semiotic resource and language learning can be effectively evidenced and assessed in the dynamic process of changing class participation patterns and attitudinal changes, not merely in the quantified scores in standardized tests. Also, teachers and teacher-educators need to raise awareness of their classroom language in use as a powerful tool to mediate effective learning. Crucially needed is dialogue about developing scaffolded teacher talk among practitioners. (Contains 2 tables, 1 figure, and 1 footnote.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A