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ERIC Number: ED518416
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 121
Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs. Juvenile Justice Bulletin
Howell, James C.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
This bulletin presents research on why youth join gangs and how a community can build gang prevention and intervention services. The author summarizes recent literature on gang formation and identifies promising and effective programs for gang prevention. The following are some key findings: (1) Youth join gangs for protection, enjoyment, respect, money, or because a friend is in a gang; (2) Youth are at higher risk of joining a gang if they engage in delinquent behaviors, are aggressive or violent, experience multiple caretaker transitions, have many problems at school, associate with other gang-involved youth, or live in communities where they feel unsafe and where many youth are in trouble; and (3) To prevent youth from joining gangs, communities must strengthen families and schools, improve community supervision, train teachers and parents to manage disruptive youth, and teach students interpersonal skills. (Contains 1 table, 2 figures and 7 endnotes.)
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 810 Seventh Street NW, Washington, DC 20531. Tel: 202-307-5911; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: US Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention