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ERIC Number: ED518246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 112
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1241-1383-8
ISSN: N/A
Application of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Methodologies for Predictive Models for Pregnancy Adverse Events
Taft, Laritza M.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Utah
In its report "To Err is Human", The Institute of Medicine recommended the implementation of internal and external voluntary and mandatory automatic reporting systems to increase detection of adverse events. Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) allows the detection of patterns and trends that would be hidden or less detectable if analyzed by conventional methods. The objective of this study was to examine novel KDD techniques used by other disciplines to create predictive models using healthcare data and validate the results through clinical domain expertise and performance measures. Patient records for the present study were extracted from the enterprise data warehouse (EDW) from Intermountain Healthcare. Patients with reported adverse events were identified from ICD9 codes. A clinical classification of the ICD9 codes was developed, and the clinical categories were analyzed for risk factors for adverse events including adverse drug events. Pharmacy data were categorized and used for detection of drugs administered in temporal sequence with antidote drugs. Data sampling and data boosting algorithms were used as signal amplification techniques. Decision trees, Naive Bayes, Canonical Correlation Analysis, and Sequence Analysis were used as machine learning algorithms. Performance measures of the classification algorithms demonstrated statistically significant improvement after the transformation of the dataset through KDD techniques, data boosting and sampling. Domain expertise was applied to validate clinical significance of the results. KDD methodologies were applied successfully to a complex clinical dataset. The use of these methodologies was empirically proven effective in healthcare data through statistically significant measures and clinical validation. Although more research is required, we demonstrated the usefulness of KDD methodologies in knowledge extraction from complex clinical data. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A