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ERIC Number: ED517579
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 54
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Do Charter Schools Crowd out Private School Enrollment? Evidence from Michigan. Staff Report No. 472
Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Roy, Joydeep
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Charter schools have been one of the most important dimensions of recent school reform measures in the United States. Currently, there are more than 5,000 charter schools spread across forty U.S. states and the District of Columbia. Though there have been numerous studies on the effects of charter schools, these have mostly been confined to analyzing their effects on student achievement, student demographic composition, parental satisfaction, and the competitive effects on regular public schools. This study departs from the existing literature by investigating the effect of charter schools on enrollment in private schools. To investigate this issue empirically, we focus on the state of Michigan, where there was a significant spread of charter schools in the 1990s. Using data on private school enrollment from biennial National Center for Education Statistics private school surveys, and using a fixed-effects as well as instrumental-variables strategy that exploits exogenous variation from Michigan charter law, we investigate the effect of charter school penetration on private school enrollment. We find robust evidence of a decline in enrollment in private schools--but the effect is only modest in size. We do not find evidence that enrollments in Catholic or other religious schools suffered more relative to those in nonreligious private schools. (Contains 15 tables, 1 figure and 20 footnotes.)
Federal Reserve Bank of New York. 33 Liberty Street, New York, NY 10045. Tel: 212-720-5000; Tel: 646-720-5000; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Reserve Bank of New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: Michigan