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ERIC Number: ED517494
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 145
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-0-8809-9301-2
By a Thread: How Child Care Centers Hold on to Teachers, How Teachers Build Lasting Careers
Whitebook, Marcy; Sakai, Laura
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Demand for child care services has grown steadily over the last few decades due to demographic trends, public policies, newly discovered links between brain development and early environments, and the number of parents entering the labor market for reasons such as welfare reform. As a result, most U. S. children under five spend time on a regular basis each week in nonparental care. Despite the growing demand and the increased recognition of the importance of early childhood development, the child care industry suffers from high turnover among both staff and leadership, thereby imperiling the overall quality of care provided by child care centers. In "By a Thread: How Child Care Centers Hold On to Teachers, How Teachers Build Lasting Careers," Marcy Whitebook and Laura Sakai examine how child care programs and their staff subsist in a field characterized by low pay, low status, and high turnover and what the impacts of these factors are on the quality of child care provided. Their study is based on an in-depth survey of 75 mid-size, relatively high-quality child care centers located in an economically thriving region. They collected data on salaries, training, and educational background for all teaching staff employed at the centers at three points in time, 1994, 1996, and 2000. These data provide a detailed picture of the entire teaching workforce at the 75 centers in 2000, and allow a comparison of the workforce in that year to those in 1994 and 1996. This inside look paints a disturbing picture of a dedicated yet poorly-paid, high-turnover workforce. Part I of the book focuses on staff departures and center quality. In it, Whitebook and Sakai relate the types and magnitude of turnover occurring among teachers at child care centers to the level of quality provided there. They present empirical evidence on the correlation between center quality and staff stability as well as the perspectives of teachers and directors in their survey who reflect on the challenge of attaining and maintaining high-quality care. In Part II, Whitebook and Sakai rely on in-depth, quantitative evidence to examine the experience of child care employment. They point out interesting relationships between the characteristics of the child care workforce and those who have chosen to leave, stay, or join on. They then discuss work and family decisions that impact child care workers' career decisions, including the rewards listed by workers as reasons they remain employed in child care. The authors conclude with three policy recommendations that echo the suggestions made to them by the teaching staff and directors interviewed in their survey. They recommend: (1) expanding the focus of K-12 education reforms to include preschool years; (2) creating national legislation that encourages state and local investments to improve compensation for child care workers; and (3) considering whether child care workers might strengthen their hand when it comes to negotiating compensation packages through formal organization. The following chapters are included: (1) An Overview of the U.S. Child Care Industry; (2) Here Today, Gone Tomorrow; (3) The Role of Staffing in Improving and Sustaining Center Quality; (4) Turnover and the Quality of Child Care Services; (5) Who Leaves? Who Stays? Who Joins? (6) Work and Family Issues as Factors in Career Decisions; (7) Rewards and Stresses of Child Care Work; and (8) Conclusions and Recommendations.
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4686. Tel: 888-227-8569; Tel: 269-343-4330; Fax: 269-343-7310; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research