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ERIC Number: ED517400
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 186
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1240-1560-6
The Prevalence of Cyber Bullying Victimization and Its Relationship to Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment among College Students
Beebe, Jennifer Elizabeth
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Northern Colorado
The current study investigated the prevalence and frequency of cyber bullying victimization and examined the impact of cyber bullying on academic, social, and emotional college adjustment. Participants were recruited from two universities in the United States. Participants completed the Revised Cyber Bullying Survey (Kowalski & Limber, 2007) and the College Adjustment Scales (Anton & Reed, 1991). Two hundred and two surveys were used. The sample was comprised largely of females 57.6% (118), 29% (56) were male, and 13.9% (28) failed to indicate. Participants ranged from 18 to 51 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the respondents were freshman, 11.9% were sophomores, 23.9% were juniors, and 10.9% were seniors. The overall prevalence of cyber bullying victimization reported by participants on average was 50.7% of total sample. Independent t-tests were conducted and revealed gender differences for cyber bullying victimization through email, with females reporting higher levels of cyber bullying victimization than males, t (170) = 2.30, p = 0.022, d = 0.35. Significant difference for text messaging, with females reporting higher levels of cyber bullying victimization, t (172) = 2.29, p = 0.023, d = 0.35. Correlations were conducted and confirmed significant relationships, ranging from 0.14-0.35 for academic, social, and emotional college adjustment. The findings highlight the need for universities to address cyber bullying by implementing education and awareness-based programs. Proactive steps to decrease opportunities for cyber bullying victimization by developing and enforcing policies, and implementing consequences for individuals who perpetrate cyber bullying victimization. While this information is foundational, limitations and suggestions for future research were addressed, training and education of future counselors were highlighted, and interventions were discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A