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ERIC Number: ED517291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 126
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1240-1261-2
The Effects of School Membership on Academic and Behavioral Performance of At-Risk Students
Ahn, Sunyoung
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the perceptions of school membership, risk factors, and school outcomes among a sample of alternative school students. The study subjects were 48 7th-9th graders who were at high risk for school failure because of their serious and chronic behavioral and academic problems. All subjects had an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). A 25 item school membership questionnaire adapted from existing school membership surveys (Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) Scale, Goodenow, 1993; Identification with School Questionnaire, Voelkl, 1996) was used to assess students' perceived school membership. The study participants reported a moderately positive school membership score of 3.63 (SD = 0.71) on a scale ranging from "1 = being weak" to "5 = being strong." The findings indicated that commonly known risk factors, such as being a male, minority, low SES, no participation in extracurricular activities, and a history of involvement with the juvenile justice system did not negatively affect study participants' perceptions of school membership. The relationships between students' school outcomes and the risk variables were also analyzed. The findings indicated that being a male, minority, low SES, no participation in extracurricular activities, and a history of involvement with the juvenile justice system did not result in significantly negative effects on school outcomes (GPA, number of missed school days, hours spent for in-school suspension, and days spent for out-of school suspension). Instead, academic and behavioral school outcome variables were found to be closely related with each other, and also with some demographic factors, including race/ethnicity and grade levels. The current study's findings provide implications for academic and behavioral interventions for at-risk students. More broad based research is needed to validate the current study findings. Recommendations for future studies include, first, bigger sample sizes and proportionate subject compositions across gender, race, SES, and grade levels; and lastly, investigations on educational environments and components that have direct impact on at-risk students school outcomes. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A