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ERIC Number: ED517277
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 86
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1240-4725-6
ISSN: N/A
The Effects of Counselor Trainee Stress and Coping Resources on the Working Alliance and Supervisory Working Alliance
Gnilka, Philip B.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Georgia State University
Counselor trainees' stress and coping resources have the potential to influence the relationships formed with supervisors and clients. Two hundred thirty two (N = 232) Master-level counselor trainees completed surveys designed to measure perceived stress, coping resources, the working alliance, and the supervisory working alliance. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Working Alliance Inventory-Short Form Therapist Version (WAI-S; Tracey & Kokotovic, 1989), the Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory-Trainee Version (SWAI-T; Efstation, Patton, & Kardash, 1990), the Perceived Stress Scale-Short Form (PSS; Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983), and the Coping Resources Inventory for Stress-Short Form (CRIS; Curlette & Matheny, 2008). The working alliance was negatively correlated with Perceived Stress ( r = -0.25, p less than 0.01) and positively correlated with the coping resources Situational Control, ( r = 0.23, p less than 0.01), Emotional Control ( r = 0.18, p = 0.01), Social Support From Family ( r = 0.19, p less than 0.01), Mental Tension Control ( r = 0.18, p less than 0.01), and Making Plans ( r = 0.15, p less than 0.05). The supervisory working alliance was negatively correlated with Perceived Stress ( r = -0.23, p less than 0.01) and positively correlated with the coping resources Situational Control ( r = 0.17, p less than 0.01), Emotional Control ( r = 0.18, p less than 0.01), Social Support From Friends ( r = 0.14, p less than 0.05), Mental Tension Control ( r = 0.22, p less than 0.01), Asserting One's Rights ( r = 0.13, p less than 0.05), and Trusting Oneself ( r = 0.14, p less than 0.05). After controlling for the primary internship setting, Stress (delta R[superscript 2] = 0.055, beta = -0.21, p less than 0.001) and Social Support from Family (delta R[superscript 2] = 0.021, beta = -0.21, p less than 0.025) explained 7.6% of the variance in the working alliance, F (10, 221) = 3.71, p less than 0.001. After controlling for the number of counseling sessions and total number of weekly individual counseling hours, Perceived Stress (delta R[superscript 2] = 0.047, beta = -0.14, p less than 0.10) and Situational Control (delta R[superscript 2] = 0.026, beta = 0.18, p less than 0.025) explained 7.3% of the variance in the supervisory working alliance, F (4, 170) = 7.73, p less than 0.001. Implications for counselor training and implications for research are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Working Alliance Inventory