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ERIC Number: ED516053
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 183
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1096-7561-0
The Relationships among Production Changes, Employment Outcomes and Program Prestige for English and History Doctorates between 1973 and 2003
Merrill, Tim W., III
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia
English and History doctoral programs produced varying amounts of doctoral degrees between 1973 and 2003. These doctoral degree recipients experienced changing employment outcomes influenced by program prestige. The main goal of this study is to explain the changes over time in doctoral degree production and employment outcomes for doctoral degree recipients as framed by program prestige. Using the Survey of Earned Doctorates and the National Research Council Ranking of Doctoral Programs as the primary sources of data, this research seeks to build upon prior research (particularly the work of Bowen and Rudenstine, 1992) on the doctoral degree-granting process by integrating the variables of doctoral degree production, doctoral degree recipient employment outcomes and doctoral program prestige. Doctoral degree production in both English and History programs fluctuated throughout the three decades in this study with highs in the early 1970s and mid to late 1990s and lows in the mid to late 1980s. Doctoral programs with higher prestige produced more degrees more consistently than programs with less prestige during the timeframe. Variables such as endowment size, volumes in the library and undergraduate population help to explain some of the changes in doctoral degree production over time. Unlike their peers in sciences and professional programs, English and History doctoral recipients intend to work as faculty upon graduation at much higher rates. However, success at finding faculty tenure-track positions has decreased over time as the number of doctorates seeking employment has increased. Employment obtained by doctorates is correlated with the rank of their doctoral programs; faculty with degrees from highly ranked doctoral programs are employed throughout doctoral program prestige levels and faculty members with degrees from less prestigious programs appear more frequently at programs with lower national rankings. The mismatching problem of too many doctoral degrees in English and History being produced with too few faculty tenure-track positions available persists. Doctoral program enrollment trends are not influenced by job availability. Long completion times provide a justification for doctoral students and faculty/administrators to hope for better or different job prospects upon graduation, but this hope is not supported by the data in this study. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A