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ERIC Number: ED515930
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 155
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1096-7600-6
The Frequency of School Resource Officer Tasks and Incidents of School Violence
Lane, James F.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia
The purpose of this study was to determine if differences in the frequency of school resource officer behaviors exist and if any differences in behaviors were related to differences in the frequency of incidents of school violence. This study collected information about tasks that SROs complete and compared that information to the frequency of incidents of school violence. The questions guiding this study were (1) Is there a difference in the frequency in the tasks that School Resource Officers engage in as outlined in the memoranda of understanding, training manuals, and other resources? (2) To what extent do differences in the frequency of the performance of the tasks account for variability in incidents of school violence over and above the variability associated with socioeconomic status? The findings of this study suggested that there are differences in the tasks that SROs engage in, but none of the major clusters/domains (law enforcement, law-related education, law-related counseling, and monitoring/role-modeling) accounted for any statistically significant amount of variance in incidents of violence over and above socioeconomic status. An additional regression analysis was completed with each of the specific tasks within the domains; it was found that there were tasks suggested to have a statistically significant impact on the variability that can be associated with incidents of student violence; these tasks were giving career advice, patrolling and monitoring the school buildings/grounds, and citations issued. The arrests and criminal matters involving students task was found to have a significant correlation with incidents of violence. This study suggests implications for practice. Police agencies and school administration should work to determine why differences exist when writing memoranda of understanding; thus SROs should prioritize tasks based on the needs of the school. There should be a reexamination of the memorandum of understanding to be certain that large percentages of time are not being invested in law enforcement matters because SRO programs were intended to build rapport between police and students while teaching about the law. For further research, a cross-agency study surveying a larger sample of SROs at all levels was suggested so that inferential statistics can be used. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A