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ERIC Number: ED515765
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 169
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1097-0098-5
Retention of Nontraditional Students: A Quantitative Research Study
Nichols, Shirley J.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Phoenix
The purpose of this quantitative correlational research study was to investigate, describe, and measure factors influencing retention of nontraditional first and second year students at a university located in the Midwestern United States. Retention of adult students has become a major issue for many institutions of higher education and many educational leaders are interested in developing strategies that facilitate the student success. Four constructs from the theory of planned behavior (TPB) were used to create a predictive model of continued university enrollment (Retention). The relationships between attitudes about studying (Attitude), subjective social norms (Norms), behavioral intention (Intention), and perceived behavior control (Control) and Retention were tested by five statistical hypotheses. Through simple random sampling, 133 students from a pool of currently enrolled and withdrawn students from the university participated; 116 of these were included in the analysis. Data analysis included structural equation modeling with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and common method variance. Although the results revealed a strong model fit, underlying measurements were weak (NFI = 0.10, NNFI = 0.99, CFI = 0.10, and RMSEA = 0.60) and did not meet preset parameters for goodness-of-fit and thus the model was rejected. Attitude was the only scale of the four variables that contained sufficient construct validity to represent a valid and reliable measure; Attitude positively correlated to Retention (r = 0.33, p less than 0.05). Female gender was the only demographic characteristic of significant contribution to the model. The TPB provides a framework from which to begin looking at factors that influence student Retention. Further revision and testing of the survey questionnaire are recommended. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A