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ERIC Number: ED515686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 113
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1097-0517-1
Negative Body-Image Bias in College Women as a Function of Self-Awareness and Self-Reported Body Dissatisfaction
Lebowitz Elkoubi, Allison
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Hofstra University
Research on body image and body image disturbance has met with great debate and inconsistency regarding definition, conceptualization, and measurement. The fundamental understanding of body image ranges from being a perceptual or visual concept to actually representing attitudes or judgments individuals hold regarding their bodies. The present study aimed to investigate the role of judgments (level of body dissatisfaction) on body image by manipulating self-awareness and capturing ratings of attractiveness. It was hypothesized that participants, college women, would rate their own body as significantly more attractive when unaware that it is their own image than when they were aware that it is their own image. It was also hypothesized that these discrepancies would vary depending on level of body dissatisfaction, such that those participants most dissatisfied with their bodies would show a greater discrepancy between awareness conditions. Participants were female undergraduates (n = 85, mean age = 19.05), that were invited to participate based on their body dissatisfaction score from the EDI-2 BD Scale. Each participant had her photograph taken, wearing form-fitting black leggings and a t-shirt standard outfit, from her neck down to her ankle. She was presented with a series of stimulus photographs, including her own de-identified photograph, and asked to rate each image on attractiveness, under the premise that these were all images of strangers (the unaware condition). She was then presented with her own identifiable photograph (the aware condition) by itself and asked to rate it on attractiveness. Analyses looked at the discrepancies between the attractiveness ratings given to the unaware and aware photographs between the two groups (high and low body dissatisfaction). While results did not reveal an overall negative bias present across the entire sample, results did offer support for the hypothesis that women highly dissatisfied with their bodies would show a significant negative bias. Contrary to the hypothesis, however, those women reporting low levels of body dissatisfaction actually demonstrated a positive, self-serving bias. Implications of these findings and the impact and direction of future research are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A