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ERIC Number: ED515637
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 90
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1096-6717-2
Long Term International Students' Repatriation Distress: The Impact of Cultural Identity, Cultural Distance, Interaction with Home Nationals, Desire to Leave, and Discrimination
Ovrebo, Elin
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Memphis
There were over 600,000 international students studying in the United States last year (Institute of International Education, 2008) and the majority of them will return to their home countries. It is commonly acknowledged that adjusting back to the home country following living in a foreign country can result in significant distress (Adler, 1981; Rogers & Ward, 1993; Sussman, 1986). This is termed repatriation distress and can be more difficult than adjusting to life in the host country (Adler 1981; Sussman 1986). However, relatively few studies have investigated the factors contributing to repatriation distress. The current study examined the repatriation experience of international students who are preparing to return home following studying in the United States (U.S.) for more than four years. As repatriation distress starts prior to the actual arrival in the home country, the current study looked at repatriation distress shortly prior to departure from the U.S., and explored how cultural identity (with home), cultural distance (between the U.S. and home), contact with home nationals, desire to stay in the U.S., and experience with discrimination predicted repatriation distress prior to the students return. Although it was expected that cultural identity would predict repatriation distress, this hypothesized relationship was expected to be moderated by cultural distance. The study examined responses from 213 participants from 64 countries. A hierarchical regression showed that cultural identity and desire to stay in the U.S. significantly predicted repatriation distress. Cultural distance was not found to moderate the relationship between cultural identity and repatriation distress. The study has implications for how campus mental health professionals and international educators may assist international students in their transition back to their home countries. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A