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ERIC Number: ED515562
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 66
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1097-1151-6
ISSN: N/A
Improving Social Competence in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders through a Combined-Strategy Group Intervention: A Pilot Study
Sotelo, Marlene
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Nova Southeastern University
This applied dissertation investigated whether a combined-strategy group intervention improved social competence among children with autism spectrum disorders. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders exhibit deficits in social behaviors that may negatively impact all aspects of their lives. Social competence for individuals with autism spectrum disorders is essential for successful integration into society, the development and maintenance of meaningful friendships, and long-term positive outcomes. The research question investigated was, Does a combined-strategy group intervention program improve social competence in children with autism spectrum disorders? Eighteen children with a confirmed diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 4 and 6 were selected for participation through convenience sampling. A total of 16 participants and their parents completed the study. A total of 16 one-hour group sessions were conducted during an 8-week period. Combined strategies used during each group intervention included social stories, video modeling, written text and picture cues, a token economy, structured and predictable routines, and parent participation. Instruction for parents of participants was delivered the week prior to the first group session. Parents observed 12 sessions and facilitated play activities and social interactions during the final four sessions. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used to determine if a statistically significant difference was obtained on total "T" scores on the Social Responsiveness Scale given subsequent to participation in the group intervention. Results of a paired-samples "t" test indicated significant differences in preintervention and postintervention test scores for total "T"-scores, as well as all five treatment subscales of the Social Responsiveness Scale. Results suggested that the combined-strategies group intervention may have improved social competence in participants. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A