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ERIC Number: ED515551
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Education Reform and School Funding: An Analysis of the Georgian Experience
Maglakelidze, Shorena
Online Submission
Alteration of the direct state funding system and transition to a voucher system commenced in 2005. Establishment of a voucher funding system for secondary schools aimed at ensuring more transparency and conscientiousness of allocating the sums for schools, as well as effective expenditure of money. Voucher funding has had to ensure financial viability of schools according to their "type" and "volume." The purpose of this study was to analyze the ongoing reform process that is related to the implementation of the Law on General Education and the Government's resolutions. We have examined materials of State Department for Statistics of Georgia, Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia and data gathered directly from schools. Research targets were all schools of Georgia and research period comprised 2005-2009 years. It is notable that the existence of deficit schools was envisaged in the Law from the very beginning (schools with low enrolment would receive additional funds), but in the first years of a voucher system adoption, it turned out that there were too many deficit schools and consequently, additional sums they require were extremely large. Additional funds were almost 5.75% of voucher funding in 2006 and 12% in 2009. Despite the fact that the growth of voucher value occurred 5 times during the mentioned period for city and 4 times for rural and mountainous regions, the average of deficit schools comprised 35% and 56% of all public schools. Examination of the data of school expenditures revealed that the reasons of continually increased demand for additional funds were larger increase of teachers' salaries compared to voucher value and a considerable growth of heating costs in recent years. Besides, we should take into account a wasteful attitude of school governing bodies to their money regarding utility costs. We may conclude that the adoption of a voucher funding system couldn't ensure its main goal. School governing bodies still continue to require additional funds from the Ministry of Education and Science not for implementing their educational programs, but to cover the costs of staff, and other technical needs. In order to improve school financial state (to reduce the number of deficit schools), the Government should increase voucher values for rural and mountain schools with low enrolment larger than for city schools. It is important, that the growth of voucher values precede the growth of teachers' salaries. (Contains 4 tables.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia Republic