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ERIC Number: ED514809
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-1548-6613
Promoting Accountability and Enhancing Efficiency: Using National Education Accounts to Track Expenditure Flows
Chawla, Deepika; Forbes, Phyllis
Online Submission, US-China Education Review v7 n11 p62-75 Nov 2010
Increasing accountability and efficiency in the use of public and out-of-pocket financing in education are critical to realizing the maximum impact of the meager allocations to education in most developing countries. While broad estimates and numbers are routinely collected by most national ministries and state departments of education, the lack of accuracy and reliability as well as the obtuse nature of recording and presentation of the data does not facilitate any serious policy use. A major advance in this area has been brought about by the development of NEA (National Education Accounts), which is a new tool for measuring education expenditures in a systematic policy-friendly manner. In essence, NEAs measure the "financial pulse" of an education system, answering 4 key questions: Who is financing education? How much do they spend? How are funds distributed across different education providers, levels and activities? Who benefits from or receives the services? NEAs gather information on all spending from public, private and donor sources, and provide a snap-shot of all expenditures on education in the state or country. While not an auditing tool, it provides real time information on the flow of funds that can be used for evidence-based decision-making. It provides information to policy-makers, enabling them to discern system-wide inequities and identify areas that require changes in policy. In addition, the use of a standard classification of expenditures allows for data from NEAs to be comparable between and within countries. This paper provides an assessment of accountability and efficiency in the use of public and private resources in the education sector in 2 states of Nigeria. Using comparative data from implementation of education accounts in 2 states of Nigeria, it presents a breakdown of education spending by public and private sources as well as donor agencies, by types of providers, by geographical regions and by category of expenditures analyzes educational expenditures for the 2 states in the context of state government priorities for education, and proposes a novel way of tracking trends in education spending as a means for policy-makers to organize a strategic vision supported by resources and to evaluate the outcome of policies. (Contains 5 tables and 1 footnote.) [This paper is based upon material from the State Education Accounts conducted for the states of Kano and Zamfara by the State Ministries of Education. This work was supported by the United States Agency for Development under a contract to Creative Associates International. The work was implemented by Creative Associates with support from the Nigerian consulting group Association for Education Development Options (AEDO).]
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria