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ERIC Number: ED514703
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Sustained Earnings Gains for Residents in a Public Housing Jobs Program: Seven-Year Findings from the Jobs-Plus Demonstration. Policy Brief
Riccio, James A.
MDRC
The Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families was developed in the late 1990s in response to the growing concentration of joblessness, underemployment, welfare receipt, and poverty in some of the nation's most economically deprived communities: public housing developments and their surrounding neighborhoods. In many cities, public housing residents were some of the hardest-to-employ populations, and rates of employment below 50 percent were common. In addition, longstanding public housing rent policies, which calculate rent at 30 percent of income, essentially functioned as a hefty tax on earnings, discouraging work and contributing to low rates of employment. Stated simply, as a family's income rose, so did its rent. The 1998 Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act (QHWRA) attempted to encourage more work among public about what strategies can boost the economic self-sufficiency of public housing residents. To date, the program remains the only rigorous multisite evaluation focused on this question. Findings released in 2005 showed that, in sites where the program was fully implemented, Jobs-Plus led to large, sustained, and steadily growing gains in earnings. This policy brief recaps key findings from the 2005 study and continues the story by examining new, longer-term findings. (Contains 1 figure, 1 table and 6 notes.) [This paper was prepared with the assistance of Susan Blank, John Wallace, Johanna Walter, John Hutchins, Gordon Berlin, and Howard Bloom.]
MDRC. 16 East 34th Street 19th Floor, New York, NY 10016-4326. Tel: 212-532-3200; Fax: 212-684-0832; e-mail: publications@mdrc.org; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: MDRC
Identifiers - Location: California; Minnesota; Ohio