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ERIC Number: ED514011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 138
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1095-9221-4
ISSN: N/A
Re-Evaluating and Exploring the Contributions of Constituency Grammar to Semantic Role Labeling
Yang, Li
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan
Since the seminal work of Gildea and Jurafsky (2000), semantic role labeling (SRL) researchers have been trying to determine the appropriate syntactic/semantic knowledge and statistical algorithms to tackle the challenges in SRL. In search of the appropriate knowledge, SRL researchers shifted from constituency grammar to dependency grammar around 2007 due to the suspension in improvement in the systems relying on features based on constituency grammar. However, the results from the CoNLL-2008 SRL systems, all of which utilized dependency grammar-based features, did not support the hypothesis that dependency grammar was more suitable for SRL. Therefore, determining the right syntactic/semantic knowledge for SRL still remains an open question. This entails that finding the right syntactic/semantic knowledge to create features generalizing across the syntactic variations that a verb appears in and involve argument movement or displacement remains a challenge as well. The current dissertation continues the effort to discover the appropriate syntactic/semantic knowledge for SRL. Specifically, while seeking the proper features to solve the SRL problem in general, the present work focuses on tackling the syntactic variation challenge by integrating three types of less thoroughly explored knowledge in constituency grammar-based SRL systems, including context dependence among the semantic roles of core arguments, syntactic structures involving argument movement or displacement, and dependency grammar relations. Integrating such knowledge yields the following novel approach. The system identifies the core and non-core semantic arguments of a verb. To classify non-core arguments, the system uses generic features. For core-arguments, the system relies on the preceding knowledge to extract the base argument configuration (BAC) feature in which the core arguments' positions overlap with those of an argument structure of the verb. BAC features thus generalize across the syntactic variations a verb appears in. Together with the two levels of backoff features dealing with unrealized core arguments and unknown verbs respectively, BAC features effectively solve the argument classification task and handles the preceding challenge. However, the experimental results indicate that the overall performance is affected by the argument identification module. The immediate future work would be to improve argument identification. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A