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ERIC Number: ED513406
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 16
The Relation of the Response Distribution to Self-Report Questionnaire Items and Cognitive Ability among School-Aged Children
Stapleton, Laura M.; Reiner, Laura S.; Aluvathingal, Anu J.
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
This proposed research is part of an on-going line of research of developing questionnaire instruments for use at the elementary school level. Because field trials often use child self-report as outcome measures and sometimes determine implementation fidelity using such measures, evaluation of the validity of the use of such measures with school-aged children is important. Additionally, schools seek to evaluate their learning environments by surveying students, thus it is crucial to determine how to obtain valid measurement of student perceptions. Specifically, this research proposes to answer the following general question: Does the cognitive age of the respondent relate to the likelihood of selecting certain response options? The research is being undertaken using two sources of secondary data: one collected via a national probability sample and one collected within a health management data collection system in Pennsylvania. Specifically, the first set of data is from the PIRLS, an international survey of 4th grade children and their experiences and ability in reading. The data used in this study only include responses from U.S. students. Preliminary analyses, using data from PIRLS, indicate that of the five questions that were examined, two fully support the hypothesis (the first and last) and mixed results were found for the remaining three questions. Preliminary analyses were conducted on the first plausible value only and thus sampling variance across plausible values has not been taken into account. The results combining the five analyses across plausible values will be conducted in October. The data from the mental health service are in the process of undergoing data quality checks and will be analyzed in November and December. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania