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ERIC Number: ED512977
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 121
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1092-8279-5
ISSN: N/A
Career Interventions in Context: A Meta-Analysis Examining the Influence of Environmental Factors on Outcome
Nichols, George C.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
The purpose of this dissertation is to extend the current knowledge of factors that contribute to career intervention effectiveness. Meta-analyses were performed to examine the effectiveness of career interventions while taking into account contextual and demographic variables. A total of 41 studies involving 10,544 participants fit the study inclusion criteria. To enhance ecological conceptualizations of career intervention outcomes, a person-intervention fit (P-I fit) construct was created to reflect the extent to which an intervention was intentionally tailored to the needs and circumstances of the targeted group. Results demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between the intervention environment and career intervention outcomes. Career interventions conducted on university campuses, as compared to non-university settings, were found to be more effective. A significant positive trend was also calculated for the P-I fit construct and career intervention effectiveness. Demographic variables such as the percentage of racial and ethnic minorities present in a study were not found to predict career intervention effectiveness; although, significant differences in outcome were found based on whether racial and ethnic minority data was reported in the publication. Further, no significant differences were detected between the interventions that occurred in the United States as compared to in international settings. This research adds to the existing literature on career intervention effectiveness and proposes a new construct that may enhance future conceptualizations of career intervention outcomes. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A