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ERIC Number: ED511453
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 46
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1936-9379
Poverty among Young Children in Black Immigrant, US-Born Black, and Non-Black Immigrant Families: The Role of Familial Contexts. Discussion Paper Series. DP 2010-02
Thomas, Kevin J. A.
University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research
This study examines how familial contexts affect poverty disparities between the children of immigrant and US-born Blacks, and among Black and non-Black children of immigrants. Despite lower gross child poverty rates in immigrant than US-born Black families, accounting for differences in family structure reveals that child poverty risks among Blacks are highest in single-parent Black immigrant families. In addition, within two-parent immigrant families, child poverty declines associated with increasing assimilation are greater than the respective declines in single-parent families. The heads of Black immigrant households have more schooling than those of native-Black households. However, increased schooling has a weaker negative association with child poverty among the former than the latter. In terms of racial disparities among the children of immigrants, poverty rates are higher among Black than non-Black children. This Black disadvantage is, however, driven by the outcomes of first-generation children of African and Hispanic-Black immigrants. The results also show that although children in refugee families face elevated poverty risks, these risks are higher among Black than non-Black children of refugees. In addition, the poverty-reducing impact associated with having an English-proficient household-head is about three times lower among Black than non-Hispanic White children of immigrants. (Contains 7 footnotes, 7 tables and 2 figures.)
University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research. 302D Mathews Building, Lexington, KY 40506. Tel: 859-257-7641; Fax: 859-257-6959; e-mail: ukcpr@uky.edu; Web site: http://www.ukcpr.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research