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ERIC Number: ED510955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May-4
Pages: 78
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Study of the Relationship between Historical Analysis and Student Achievement in Eighth Grade American History
Stuart, Kevin
Online Submission
The purpose of this action research project was to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and student performance on the California Standards Test (CSTs), both English Language Arts and History, as well as to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and Reading Comprehension. It was believed that Historical Analysis required critical thinking skills, and therefore would be related to student performance on the CST-English Language-Arts and History tests, as well as to Reading Comprehension. The subjects in this study were 452 male and female public school 8th graders of diverse ethnic backgrounds in Orange County, CA. This study used a correlational research design with descriptive statistics to examine secondary data on these 452 eighth grade students. The results of this study found a moderate but very significant relationship between Historical Analysis and student performance on the CST-English Language-Arts and History tests, as well as with Reading Comprehension. The conclusion of this study was that there is a moderate but significant relationship between these variables but that further research is needed to identify whether this is due to some students just being good test-takers, or if there really is an intrinsic relationship between these variables. Further research using this data found a disparity between the top performing students, the middle performing students and the lowest performing students. The lowest and middle performing groups not having significance between the variables, suggesting that perhaps in this study the significance in the moderate relationships between the variables had more to do with achievement levels, test taking skills and language fluency then previously thought. Three appendixes are included: (1) 8th Grade History Assessment - Part A; (2) 8th Grade History Assessment - Part B; and (3) SPSS Code book for 8th GHA Parts A + B. (Contains 13 tables and 2 figures.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California