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ERIC Number: ED510756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 15
Child Care Use by Low-Income Families: Variations across States. Research Brief. Publication #2008-23
Lippman, Laura; Vandivere, Sharon; Keith, Julie; Atienza, Astrid
Child Trends
For many low-income and single parents, employment depends on securing reliable, affordable child care. Yet these parents may face greater challenges than do higher-income and two-parent families in making affordable, appropriate child care arrangements that complement their work schedules. Indeed, the cost, availability, stability, and quality of child care can act as barriers for low-income parents who want to work. To help address this problem, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) increased federal child care funding by $3.5 billion between 1996 and 2002. This step was in keeping with available research indicating that child care subsidies make it easier for families to afford child care, thus supporting parental employment and financial independence. This "Research Brief" provides new estimates to show the variation across the 50 states in the use of nonparental child care, the types of child care used, and parents' experiences with child care problems that interfere with their work schedules. The brief concludes with a discussion of possible reasons for these patterns across states. (Contains 3 maps, 1 table and 2 endnotes.)
Child Trends. 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20008. Tel: 202-572-6000; Fax: 202-362-8420; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation
Authoring Institution: Child Trends
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Child Care and Development Block Grants; Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families