ERIC Number: ED510537
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 0
Are High School Grades Inflated? Issues in College Readiness
To find out whether high school grade inflation exists, data drawn from students who took the ACT in the eleventh or twelfth grades and graduated from public high schools were examined. Because grade inflation is by definition a factor that develops over time, data from a relatively long period, 1991 to 2003, or 13 years were used. The number of students in each year's sample varied from about 600,000 to about 800,000. The students' GPA was calculated based on their self-reported grades in 23 courses in English, mathematics, science, and social studies. Students report this information when registering to take the ACT. The results of the study show that students with the same ACT Composite score value have the same level of academic achievement from year to year. Hence, any increase in grade point average from year to year represents grade inflation.
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Grade Inflation, Economic Climate, High Schools, Grade 11, Grade 12, Public Schools, Academic Achievement, English, Mathematics Instruction, Science Instruction, Social Studies
ACT, Inc. 500 ACT Drive, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243-0168. Tel: 319-337-1270; Web site: http://www.act.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 12; High Schools; Higher Education
Authoring Institution: ACT, Inc.