ERIC Number: ED510480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
Linking Item Parameters to a Base Scale. ACT Research Report Series, 2009-2
Kang, Taehoon; Petersen, Nancy S.
This paper compares three methods of item calibration--concurrent calibration, separate calibration with linking, and fixed item parameter calibration--that are frequently used for linking item parameters to a base scale. Concurrent and separate calibrations were implemented using BILOG-MG. The Stocking and Lord (1983) characteristic curve method of parameter linking was used in conjunction with separate calibration. The fixed item parameter calibration (FIPC) method was implemented using both BILOG-MG and PARSCALE because the method is carried out differently by the two programs. Both programs use multiple EM cycles but BILOG-MG does not update the prior ability distribution during FIPC calibration whereas PARSCALE updates the prior ability distribution multiple times. The methods were compared using simulations based on actual testing program data and results were evaluated in terms of recovery of the underlying ability distributions, the item characteristic curves, and the test characteristic curves. Factors manipulated in the simulations were sample size, ability distributions, and numbers of common (or fixed) items. The results for concurrent calibration and separate calibration with linking were comparable and both methods showed good recovery results for all conditions. Between the two fixed item parameter calibration procedures, only the appropriate use of PARSCALE consistently provided item parameter linking results similar to those of the other two methods. An appendix is included. (Contains 2 tables and 6 figures.)
Descriptors: Standards, Testing Programs, Test Items, Statistical Distributions, Sample Size, Item Response Theory, Comparative Analysis, Models, Measures (Individuals)
ACT, Inc. 500 ACT Drive, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243-0168. Tel: 319-337-1270; Web site: http://www.act.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ACT, Inc.