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ERIC Number: ED509920
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Pages: 36
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
Labor Market Experiences and Transitions to Adulthood. Discussion Paper No. 1319-06
Hill, Carolyn J.; Holzer, Harry J.
Institute for Research on Poverty
This paper analyzes labor market behaviors of young adults, their changing patterns among two cohorts that are twenty years apart, and their associations with transitions to adulthood as measured by living with parents, being married, or cohabiting. We analyze these issues using data from the 1979 and 1997 cohorts of he National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), specifically focusing on young people ages 20-22 in 1984 and 2002. Consistent with data from other sources, we find that youth in the later cohort tend to live at home or cohabit with greater frequency, but to marry less frequently, than those in the earlier cohort. These findings can be observed among youth in all education/enrollment groups and all race/gender groups. Regression analyses show evidence of some link between contemporaneous labor market outcomes and living arrangements, but these effects are too small to account for changes over time in these behaviors. We also find some relationships between academic and labor market outcomes as well as risky behaviors of youth during high school, on the one hand, and later labor market outcomes and living arrangements, on the other. These suggest the presence of unmeasured characteristics (such as independence, maturity, and the like) that help to account for differences across individuals in their living arrangements as young adults. Appendix A contains further information about the definition and construction of the variables, and Table A1 presents summary statistics on those used as explanatory variables in the regression models. (Contains 7 tables and 25 footnotes.)
Institute for Research on Poverty. Publications Department, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Smith Richardson Foundation; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation; W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Authoring Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth