NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED509133
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 155
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-4166-0635-2
Better Learning through Structured Teaching: A Framework for the Gradual Release of Responsibility
Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
All teachers want their students to become independent learners, but even motivated students are reluctant to take responsibility for their own learning. So what every teacher needs is this book's tried-and-true method for gradually enabling students to take on more of the "work" of classroom learning. Two experienced teachers describe a purposeful classroom structure that relies on four phases: (1) Focus lessons that establish a purpose for learning and model the way you want students to work; (2) Guided instruction with small groups; (3) Collaborative learning that uses discussion and negotiation to create independent work; and (4) Independent work that draws on students' prior knowledge. Included with the description of each phase are lots of practical strategies that help teachers use this approach, plus tips on how to differentiate instruction, make effective use of class time, and plan backwards from learning objectives.
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. 1703 North Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Tel: 800-933-2723; Tel: 703-578-9600; Fax: 703-575-5400; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development