ERIC Number: ED509000
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Behind Bars II: Substance Abuse and America's Prison Population
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University
People in the United States, though only five percent of the world's population, consume two-thirds of the world's illegal drugs. People in the United States, though only five percent of the world's population, incarcerate 25 percent of the world's prisoners. It is no coincidence that of the 2.3 million inmates in U.S. prisons, 65 percent--1.5 million--meet the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) medical criteria for alcohol or other drug abuse and addiction. Another 20 percent--458,000--even though they don't meet the DSM-IV medical criteria for alcohol and other drug abuse and addiction nevertheless were substance involved; i.e., were under the influence of alcohol or other drugs at the time of their offense, stole money to buy drugs, are substance abusers, violated the alcohol or drug laws, or share some combination of these characteristics. This report, uncovers these troubling facts and, even more disturbingly, finds that the situation has been getting worse since The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University issued its first report on this subject, "Behind Bars", just over a decade ago. This new report constitutes the most exhaustive analysis ever undertaken to identify the extent to which alcohol and other drugs are implicated in the crimes and incarceration of America's prison population. This report, following more than a decade after CASA's initial analysis, finds that despite greater recognition of the problem and potential solutions, this country has allowed the population of substance-involved inmates crowding the prisons and jails--and the related costs and crimes--to increase. This report sets out steps the country can take to reduce crime and the taxpayer costs of prisons by addressing treatment needs of offenders while holding them accountable for their crimes. Appendices include: (1) Data Analysis Methodology; and (2) Proposed Guidelines for Providing Addiction Treatment in Prisons and Jails. (Contains 10 figures, 46 tables, and 456 notes.)
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Mental Disorders, Drug Abuse, Costs, Institutionalized Persons, Substance Abuse, Crime Prevention, Rehabilitation, Drinking, Smoking, At Risk Persons, Family Influence, Children, Racial Differences, Access to Health Care, Barriers, Intervention, Law Enforcement, Recidivism, Individual Characteristics, Whites, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, Minority Groups, Delinquency, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Communicable Diseases, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Gender Differences, Addictive Behavior
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 633 Third Avenue 19th Floor, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-841-5200; Fax: 212-956-8020; Web site: http://www.casacolumbia.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Justice Programs.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.
Identifiers - Location: California; Delaware; Illinois; United States