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ERIC Number: ED508983
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Nov-16
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 14
Gender Gaps in College and High School Graduation by Race, Combining Public and Private Schools
Chaplin, Duncan; Klasik, Daniel
Education Working Paper Archive
Each year our college system gives twice as many bachelor's degrees (BAs) to African American females as males. Large gender gaps favoring women also exist for other groups. Indeed, on average our college system gives 35% more BAs to females than males across all racial and ethnic groups. Traditional explanations for this pattern have focused on what happens in college. In this brief we note that at least part of the story can be found in differences in high school graduation rates. While the differences in high school graduation rates are far smaller, the variations by race and gender follow the same pattern as those found in college. We find that our high schools are graduating about 23% more African-American females than males each year and our estimates suggest about a 4% difference that favors females across all ethnic groups. In order to conduct this analysis we build on methods of calculating public high school graduation rates used in previous Urban Institute work and enhance them by adding in graduates from private high schools. (Contains 7 tables and 16 footnotes.)
Education Working Paper Archive. Department of Education Reform, University of Arkansas, 201 Graduate Education Building, Fayetteville, AR 72701. Tel: 479-575-3172; Fax: 479-575-3196; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation
Authoring Institution: University of Arkansas, Department of Education Reform