ERIC Number: ED508594
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Estimating the Labor Market Signaling Value of the GED
Tyler, John H.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.
National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL)
While many previous studies have examined the economic impact of the General Educational Development (GED) on labor market outcomes, the results from these studies are all based on regression analyses that employ questionable comparison groups. As a result, all previous studies of the economic impact of the GED likely suffer from "selectivity bias." Using new and powerful data and a methodology that relies on interstate variation in GED passing standards to address selectivity bias issues, the authors find that the GED has a large impact on the earnings of young white dropouts who chose to obtain the credential and whose scores place them on the margin of passing. While they find no statistically discernible effect of the GED on the earnings of young minority dropouts, this does not rule out a positive impact of the GED on higher scoring minority dropouts nor a positive impact on the earnings of minorities via a human capital route.
Descriptors: High School Equivalency Programs, Labor Market, Education Work Relationship, Economic Impact, Income, Whites, Minority Groups, Dropouts, Human Capital, Research Methodology, Bias
National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL). 44 Farnsworth Street, Boston, MA 02210. Tel: 617-482-9485; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.ncsall.net
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: High School Equivalency Programs
Authoring Institution: National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Educational Development Tests