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ERIC Number: ED508426
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec-14
Pages: 66
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Fiscal Consequences of Adult Educational Attainment
Khatiwada, Ishwar; McLaughlin, Joseph; Sum, Andrew; Palma, Sheila
Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy (NJ1)
This research monograph prepared for the National Commission on Adult Literacy is primarily designed to describe and analyze the net annual fiscal contributions (tax payments minus cash and in-kind transfers and institutionalization costs) of U.S. adults (ages 16-64) by their educational attainment in recent years. The report begins with an overview of differences in employment rates, annual earnings, lifetime earnings, home ownership rates, and the values of homes owned by U.S adults (16-64) in five different educational subgroups. The large differences in annual earnings, home ownership rates, and average home values across educational subgroups of adults underlie the large and growing differences in their annual tax payments. This overview of labor market/earnings/housing differences across educational groups is followed by a discussion of the tax, transfers, and institutionalization concepts, measures, data sources, and estimating techniques underlying all of the fiscal estimates appearing in this research monograph. The report then provides estimates of the annual tax payments, annual cash and in-kind transfers (e.g., food stamps, Medicaid expenditures, rental housing subsidies), and institutionalization costs of U.S. adults by their educational attainment in recent years. The net annual fiscal contributions (taxes--transfers--institutionalization costs) of adults are presented and analyzed for all 16-64 year old adults and for men and women in five educational attainment categories. Findings for the 13 largest states are presented Appendix E of this report. The final section of the report provides a brief summary of key findings and discusses their potential implications for the design, operations, and evaluation of the nation's adult basic education system. Appendices include: (1) Estimating the Federal and State Income Tax Payments of Husbands and Wives in Married Couple Families; (2) Estimating State Sales Tax Payments for Individuals; (3) Methodologies for Estimating Mean/Median Property Tax Payments and Housing Values of Households in the 2005 ACS Survey; (4) Two-Year Average Sample Sizes for the 13 States Included in Our Fiscal Impact Analysis; and (5) Estimates of Annual Net Fiscal Contributions of Adults (16-64) by Education Attainment in 13 States. (Contains 48 footnotes, 27 tables, and 17 charts.) [This paper was prepared for the National Commission on Adult Literacy.]
Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy. 1221 Avenue of the Americas 46th Floor, New York, NY 10020. Tel: 212-512-2362; Fax: 212-512-2610; Web site: http://www.caalusa.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Basic Education; Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Advancement of Adult Literacy