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ERIC Number: ED507807
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Pages: 44
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 122
Toward a Definition of Verbal Reasoning in Higher Education. Research Report. ETS RR-09-33
Burton, Nancy W.; Welsh, Cynthia; Kostin, Irene; VanEssen, Thomas
Educational Testing Service
This paper briefly summarizes the literatures of reading and reasoning in the last quarter century, focusing mainly on the disciplines of cognitive science, cognitive developmental psychology, linguistics, and educational psychology. These literatures were synthesized to create a framework for defining verbal reasoning in higher education. Eight general cognitive and meta-cognitive operations were identified (including, for example, evaluating discourse, seeking and solving problems, and monitoring one's comprehension). Several dimensions underlying these operations on which individual skills may vary were identified (such as breadth of understanding, precision of understanding, or familiarity and facility). Finally, these ideal descriptions of verbal reasoning are applied to the assessment of verbal reasoning for selection in higher education. Problems in measurement and unanticipated consequences of measurement are discussed. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service