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ERIC Number: ED507802
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Constructed-Response Test Questions: Why We Use Them; How We Score Them. R&D Connections. Number 11
Livingston, Samuel A.
Educational Testing Service
To many people, standardized testing means multiple-choice testing. However, some tests contain questions that require the test taker to produce the answer, rather than simply choosing it from a list. The required response can be as simple as the writing of a single word as complex as the design of a laboratory experiment to test a scientific hypothesis. These types of test questions, taken together, are referred to as "constructed-response" questions. This issue of "ETS R&D Connections" discusses the following: (1) the kind of information that can be obtained from constructed-response questions that cannot be obtained from multiple-choice questions; (2) how test-takers' responses are translated into numerical scores; and (3) the limitations of constructed-response questions, and how the recent technological developments are helping some of those limitations.
Educational Testing Service. Rosedale Road Mailstop 19R, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001. Tel: 609-921-9000; Fax: 609-734-5410; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A