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ERIC Number: ED507785
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan-2
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 7
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Pedagogy Is for Kids: Andragogy Is for Adults
Moberg, Eric
Online Submission
Malcolm Knowles laments the paucity of "thinking, investigating, and writing about adult learning" in the opening sentence of his theoretical framework of "Andragogy" (1998, p. 35). Knowles' central argument is that we learn differently as adults from how we learn as children, so we should tailor adult education accordingly. Knowles highlighted his position in the very title of his 1983 article, "Adults Are Not Grown-Up Children as Learners." Indeed, Knowles has argued consistently since as early as 1968 for "andragogy, not pedagogy." As Clardy (2005) reminds us, however, Knowles did not coin the term "Andragogy," rather, it goes back to nineteenth-century Germany. In fact, Lindeman brought the term to American education discourse as early as 1926 (Clardy, 2005, p. 4). Additionally, Knowles features Lindeman's five key assumptions about adult learning in Knowles' 1998 work on adult learning theory (p. 39). Knowles himself set forth his own similar set of six assumptions in 1980 (St. Clair, 2002, p. 3). While St. Clair and Clardy fairly criticize Knowles for overreach and his imperfect empirical sources, Knowles' central point and at least two of Knowles' assumptions are well founded.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A