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ERIC Number: ED507555
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 40
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 10
Kids' Share: An Analysis of Federal Expenditures on Children through 2008
Isaacs, Julia B.; Vericker, Tracy; Macomber, Jennifer; Kent, Adam
Urban Institute (NJ1)
To advance the economic and social health of the country, the federal government directs resources to children--the country's future workers, parents, and voters. This helps ensure the well-being of children and helps them develop their potential and future contributions to our common welfare. Federal resources are used to promote the health and development of the young, protect their safety and well-being, ensure their basic needs are met, help protect their families from financial hardship, and provide education. These resources constitute total federal expenditures on children, which is allotted through both direct spending on programs that serve children and through tax benefits that offer their families financial assistance. Building on a series of earlier reports, this report seeks to inform a national conversation about how best to invest the country's resources by examining federal expenditures on children. To this end, actual federal spending on children was tracked from 1960 through 2008 and projected spending through 2019 under current policies. Less than one-tenth of the federal budget was spent on children in 2008, $295 billion out of a total of $2,983 billion in outlays. Well over a third of the federal budget (38 percent) was allocated to the elderly and disabled for the non-child portions of Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid. The children's share of the tax expenditure budget was also less than 10 percent. This third annual Kids' Share report examines expenditures on children during a time federal budgets are undergoing much change. The report's estimate of how much of the federal budget was directed toward children in 2008 is based on detailed budget data released in May 2009 and captures the effects of early responses to the recession. The effects of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 do not appear in the 2008 expenditures but do figure prominently in the expenditure projections included in the final section of the report. After an initial section explaining the methodology involved in estimating children's expenditures across more than 100 federal programs and tax provisions, the report presents findings in four areas: expenditures in 2008, historic trends across the budget, historic trends within children's expenditures, and projections through 2019. (Contains 15 figures, 4 tables, and 18 endnotes.)
Urban Institute. 2100 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Fax: 202-467-5775; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation; First Focus
Authoring Institution: Urban Institute; Brookings Institution