ERIC Number: ED507478
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 116
School Meal Program Participation and Its Association with Dietary Patterns and Childhood Obesity. Final Report
Gleason, Philip; Briefel, Ronette; Wilson, Ander; Dodd, Allison Hedley
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
We used data from the School Nutrition Dietary Assessment III Study to examine the dietary patterns of school meal program participants and nonparticipants and the relationship between school meal participation and children's BMI and risk of overweight or obesity. School Breakfast Program (SBP) participants consumed more low nutrient energy dense (LNED) baked goods and more calories at breakfast than non participants. National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants had lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and a lower percentage of calories from LNED foods and beverages than nonparticipants. Overall, NSLP participation was not significantly related to students BMI, though participants were less likely to be overweight or obese than non-participants among black students but more likely to be so among "other race" students. SBP participants had significantly lower BMI than non-participants, possibly because SBP participants are more likely to eat breakfast and eat more at breakfast, spreading calorie intake more evenly over the course of the day. A section on Dietary Patterns of School Meal Participants and Nonparticipants: Supplemental Tables is appended. (Contains 40 tables, 4 figures and 41 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Obesity, International Schools, Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs, Nutrition, Child Health, Eating Habits, Comparative Analysis, Body Composition, Body Weight, At Risk Persons, Racial Differences, African Americans, Whites, Food, Gender Differences, Hispanic Americans, Family Characteristics, Social Services, Employment Level, Parent Influence
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.