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ERIC Number: ED506512
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 136
Women and Minorities in Engineering: A Review of the Literature
Mamaril, Natasha J. A; Royal, Kenneth D.
Online Submission, Paper presented at the 2008 Midwestern Educational Research Association (Columbus, OH, 2008)
This review of the literature investigates the various factors identified by researchers to explain women's underrepresentation in the engineering field. Because a great deal of research has been published through the years, a compilation summary of existing research was necessary. This literature review utilized searches from thousands of journals and databases. Topics covered include an overview of findings that pertain to: International comparisons; pre-college factors; Confidence, persistence, personality and perceptions; Gender socialization and expectations; Climate in engineering settings; Employment in engineering; Race-specific research; Actions taken to increase diversity; and educational and counseling implications. Results of the summary reveal it is clear that there is much to desire for women in engineering. Much effort has been put forth in terms of recruiting women in the field. However, the issue of underrepresentation of women and minorities in the engineering field involves a complex interplay of social, cultural, and personal factors. Although recruiting may not seem as difficult as it was forty years ago as evidenced by the increase in number of women enrolling in engineering, the more pressing concern is the retention of women in engineering fields. (Contains 4 tables.)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A