NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED506291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Pages: 44
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Underprotected, Undersupported: Low-Income Children at Risk
Apollon, Dominique; Corral, Victor; Kurland, Shannah
Applied Research Center
The major purpose of this report is to study the effects of unlicensed care on the quality and safety of childcare available to low-income families. Although this is a national study, the investigations and analyses focused on three states in particular: Alabama, California, and Maryland. Dozens of advocates, providers and administrators were interviewed from each of these three states and others, as well as national players. Based on the collected data from each of these levels of government, the authors present the following major findings: (1) States such as Alabama that permit exemptions to basic childcare standards for some childcare centers while simultaneously allowing those unlicensed facilities to benefit from state childcare subsidies for low-income families needlessly jeopardize the health and safety of low-income children and create a double standard that places licensed providers at a disadvantage; (2) States such as California that do contain uniform childcare standards for all childcare centers, but lack adequate funding and staffing for their oversight, render such standards essentially meaningless and place the children's health and safety at risk; and (3) In states such as Maryland that maintain and enforce uniform, basic health and safety standards for all centers, but do not have adequate subsidy levels to help low-income families afford high-quality care, thousands of low-income children go underserved. The report concludes with recommendations for all states to: Abolish state exemptions and fund transition costs, strengthen licensing requirements and adequately fund state oversight, improve record keeping in state government, and empower parental voices. (Contains 10 figures, 2 tables, and 119 endnotes.)
Applied Research Center. 3781 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94611. Tel: 510-653-3415; Fax: 510-653-3427; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Applied Research Center
Identifiers - Location: Alabama; California; Maryland