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ERIC Number: ED505599
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: 60
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 43
School Desegregation, School Choice and Changes in Residential Location Patterns by Race. Finance and Economics Discussion Series. 2008-57
Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Lutz, Byron
Federal Reserve System
This paper provides new evidence on the mechanisms by which school desegregation in large urban districts led to public enrollment declines for whites and increases for blacks. The authors demonstrate that white enrollment declines in southern central districts were primarily the product of out-migration while enrollment declines in districts outside the South were primarily the product of increases in private school attendance. Enrollment increases for blacks as a result of desegregation did not occur for several years, primarily occurred outside of the South, and came primarily in the form of residential relocation into central districts. The authors' estimates indicate that while it caused sizable shifts of whites out of the outer regions of central districts to be replaced largely by blacks, school desegregation was not one of the main forces driving urban population decentralization. They emphasize, however, that school desegregation was an important force in generating changes in the racial composition of outlying central district neighborhoods. (Contains 9 figures, 12 tables, and 22 footnotes.) [This report was produced by the Divisions of Research & Statistics and Monetary Affairs, Federal Reserve System.]
Federal Reserve System. Available from: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Publications Fulfillment, MS-127, Washington, DC 20551. Tel: 202-452-3245; Fax: 202-728-5886; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Reserve Board