ERIC Number: ED505598
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec-19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Post Brown vs. the Board of Education: The Effects of the End of Court-Ordered Desegregation
Lutz, Byron F.
Federal Reserve System
In the early 1990s, nearly forty years after Brown v. the Board of Education, three Supreme Court decisions dramatically altered the legal environment for court-ordered desegregation. Lower courts have released numerous school districts from their desegregation plans as a result. Over the same period racial segregation increased in public schools across the country--a phenomenon which has been termed resegregation. Using a unique dataset, this paper finds that dismissal of a court-ordered desegregation plan results in a gradual, moderate increase in racial segregation and an increase in black dropout rates and black private school attendance. The increased dropout rates and private school attendance are experienced only by districts located outside of the South Census region. There is no evidence of an effect on white student dropout rates or private school attendance rates. Two appendices are included: (1) Brief History of Desegregation Law; and (2) Data Appendix. (Contains 12 tables, 6 figures and 23 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Private Schools, Desegregation Plans, School Desegregation, Dropout Rate, Racial Segregation, Courts, Dropouts, Attendance, Whites, White Students, School Resegregation, Court Litigation
Federal Reserve System. Available from: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Publications Fulfillment, MS-127, Washington, DC 20551. Tel: 202-452-3245; Fax: 202-728-5886; Web site: http://www.federalreserve.gov/publications.htm
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education