NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: ED505492
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 1
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
WWC Quick Review of the Article "Effects of Social Development Intervention in Childhood 15 Years Later"
What Works Clearinghouse
The selected study examined the long-term effects of the "Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP)," an elementary-school-based intervention designed to improve students' social skills and engagement. The study analyzed data on about 600 young adults who had been students in 15 public elementary schools serving high-crime areas in Seattle, Washington in the 1980s. Study participants were interviewed at ages 24 and 27. Three research groups were created: (1) students receiving SSDP in both early and later elementary school; (2) students receiving SSDP in later elementary school only; and (3) students not receiving SSDP services. Study authors reported that receiving SSDP in both early and late elementary school improved some mental health outcomes in young adulthood and reduced the likelihood of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. The program did not affect rates of substance use or involvement with the criminal justice system. Although the research groups were well-matched on a number of initial characteristics, including gender, race/ethnicity, and childhood poverty, What Works Clearinghouse has reservations about the reported results because the research groups may have been different from each other in ways not controlled for in the analysis. [The following report was the focus of this "Quick Review": "Effects of Social Development Intervention in Childhood 15 Years Later." J. D. Hawkins, R. Kosterman, R. F. Catalano, K. G. Hill, and R. D. Abbott. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, v162 n12 p1133-1141. 2008.]
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Washington
IES Funded: Yes