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ERIC Number: ED505300
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Pages: 62
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
What Influences Young Canadians to Pursue Post-Secondary Studies? Final Report
Dubois, Julie
Human Resources Development Canada
This paper uses the theory of human capital to model post-secondary education enrolment decisions. The model is based on the assumption that high school graduates assess the costs and benefits associated with various levels of post-secondary education (college or university) and select the option that maximizes the expected net present value. Given the discrete nature of an investment choice, the theoretical model is estimated using a multinomial logit approach and data from the School Leavers Follow-up Survey, 1995. The estimated coefficients identify the main determinants of post-secondary participation. The study indicates that parental education, parental financial support, and the student's individual abilities, marital status, parental status and immigration status were the factors that most heavily influenced the university enrolment decision. In terms of college studies, the factors that most heavily influenced the investment decision were the province of residence, gender, marital status and the father's level of education and occupation. This paper is structured as follows. Following an Introduction, the second part presents some of the U.S. studies that developed and estimated a model of investment in post-secondary education. The third one models the decisions concerning the pursuit of post-secondary studies in Canada on the basis of the approach developed by Catsiapis (1987). The following part presents the econometric model. The fifth one provides a description of the surveys used to estimate the educational investment model developed in the third part. The sixth part is dedicated to analyzing the results. The seventh part discusses the consequences of the findings for policy development. Finally, the conclusion summarizes the main findings and proposes a few options for research. (Contains 12 tables and a bibliography.)
Human Resources Development Canada. Service Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0J9, Canada. Tel: 1-800-926-9105; Fax: 613-941-1827; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Development Canada, Hull (Quebec).
Identifiers - Location: Canada