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ERIC Number: ED505299
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Nov
Pages: 84
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 21
ISBN: ISBN-0-662-34439-1
Profiles and Transitions of Groups at Risk of Social Exclusion: Lone Parents. Final Report
Kapsalis, Costa; Tourigny, Pierre
Human Resources Development Canada
This study attempts to determine why some lone parents escape low income or never enter spells of low income or social assistance (SA), while others remain in low income or on SA for many years. The ultimate goal of this research is to assist Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) to identify policies that can help lone parents overcome barriers to employment, thus preventing or alleviating low income and social exclusion. The analysis relies on the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). The main focus of the analysis is the first SLID panel, which followed the same respondents over the period 1993-98. The results make somewhat of a case for investing more in education. However, this is inconclusive. Many lone mothers who are in low income or SA recipients have a postsecondary certification, and a higher level of education does not seem to have any benefits in terms of shortening SA spells. The fact that half of new SA recipients exit within the first two years suggest that policies should be well targeted, yet waiting for several years to ascertain who are long term recipients is not the best targeting strategy. A better strategy is to keep probing the characteristics of SA recipients that are associated with long spells and develop programs that are targeted to those characteristics. This report divides into ten sections, following an Introduction. Section 2 reviews the main findings from the literature and positions the work in this study against this literature. Section 3 describes the SLID data and basic methodological concepts. Section 4 analyzes the 1998 cross-sectional data to measure the extent of low income and to identify the main personal characteristics associated with a high incidence of low income. Section 5 probes in more detail the relative contribution of low hours of work and low hourly earnings to the incidence of low income. Section 6 presents longitudinal measures of low income based on the 1993-98 longitudinal SLID data. Section 7 uses the same data to assess how dynamic the nature of low income is, while Section 8 estimates the length of low income spells and identifies which characteristics are associated with longer than average spells. Section 9 explores the contribution of social assistance to reducing low income, as well as the factors that contribute to prolonged reliance on social assistance. Section 10 draws together the main conclusions and outlines future research priorities. Appended are: (A) 1998 Cross-Sectional Profiles; (B) 1993-1998 Detailed longitudinal Tabulations; (C) Logit Regression of Longitudinal Incidence of Low Income; and (D) Alternative Logit Regression of Incidence of SA. (Contains 13 footnotes, 32 tables and 5 charts.)
Human Resources Development Canada. Service Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0J9, Canada. Tel: 1-800-926-9105; Fax: 613-941-1827; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Development Canada, Hull (Quebec). Applied Research Branch.
Identifiers - Location: Canada